Kant’s Political Philosophy. Philosophical Chiliasm and Cosmopolitan Law
Keywords:Cosmopolitical right, Immanuel Kant, John Rawls, Philosophy of history, Philosophical chiliasmus, Political philosophy
This paper deals with Kant’s view of a “philosophical chiliasmus”, by which it is to be understood the political hope of a perpetual peace between the world’s states. In his philosophical and political writings, Kant shows how this peace can be achieved through diplomatic means, trying to define the original concept of a “cosmopolitical right” (Weltbürgerrecht). This paper aims at highlighting the modernity of Kant’s political perspective, which has been renewed and developed in the twentieth century by many philosophers and jurists as Hans Kelsen and John Rawls.