Unità e multiformità della famiglia in Occidente: sensi e percorsi dopo la modernità
Andrea M. Maccarini
The so-called "pluralization" of family forms is a long term trend which appears to represent the very core of the family issues in Western societies. This essay first discusses its various meanings, claiming that a distinction is both possible and necessary between a "positive" and a "negative" sense of pluralization, in a rigorously non-normative sense that appeals to the difference between intentional transformation and disruption of family loyalties (part 1). Then the author specifies what exogenous forces — mainly State and market — make for the development of the trend towards pluralization (part 2), and draws a summary description of the endogenous dynamic that family life is displaying, in autonomous response to such forces and also as a result of inner socio-cultural elaboration (part 3). The essay concludes with a discussion of the core problem implied by the whole phenomenon, namely the de-symbolization of some basic elements of family relationships, and their ambiguous reconstruction in a sort of "virtual anthropology" (part 4). The author claims that this socio-cultural dynamic is the present result of a long run and ongoing process of neutralization of the public sphere in Western societies, of which this evolution in family relationships could well represent both the most advanced frontier and the coming crisis.
1. Il problema: pluralizzazione della famiglia e processo di civilizzazione.
2. I condizionamenti strutturali.
3. Dove e come si pluralizza la famiglia.
4. L'umano e il familiare dopo la modernità. De-simbolizzazioni e ri-simbolizzazioni.