La langue, «jardin clos, source scellée». Saussure et le Cours de linguistique générale, cent ans après

Christophe Rico

Sommario: 1. Introduction. 2. Système et différence. 3. Syntagme et paradigme. 4. Synchronie et diachronie. 5. Conclusion.

Abstract: In the light of recent theories of the linguistic sign this article offers a new analysis of the Cours de linguistique générale. The study of language acquisition by children leads us to a reappraisal of two points of the Cours: the differential value of the linguistic sign, both in its paradigmatic and syntagmatic dimensions, and the synchronic character of language.