La filosofia politica di Kant. Chiliasmo filosofico e diritto cosmopolitico

Tommaso Valentini

Sommario: 1. Introduzione. 2. L’agire politico come sittliche Aufgabe. 3. La storia come progresso morale: chiliasmo filosofico e chiliasmo teologico. 4. Repubblicanesimo kantiano e Stato di diritto. 5. Diritto internazionale e diritto cosmopolitico: l’ideale regolativo della Weltrepublik. 6. Sviluppi ed attualità del cosmopolitismo kantiano.

Abstract: This paper deals with Kant’s view of a “philosophical chiliasmus”, by which it is to be understood the political hope of a perpetual peace between the world’s states. In his philosophical and political writings, Kant shows how this peace can be achieved through diplomatic means, trying to define the original concept of a “cosmopolitical right” (Weltbürgerrecht). This paper aims at highlighting the modernity of Kant’s political perspective, which has been renewed and developed in the twentieth century by many philosophers and jurists as Hans Kelsen and John Rawls.

Keywords: cosmopolitical right, Immanuel Kant, John Rawls, philosophy of history, philosophical chiliasmus, political philosophy.