Homo e humanitas oltre l’“umanismo”. Esistenzialismo sartreano e umanesimo heideggeriano a confronto

Marco Viscomi

Sommario: 1. Sartre e l’umanismo esistenzialista. 2. Heidegger e l’uomo come Dasein. 3. Alcune note critico-comparative.

Abstract: The philosophical reflection thinks about the human being in its essential configuration. In this appointment, it is basic to reflect on the modality to be of the human as existent. Thinking about the essence of humanity means to study in deep the foundation of existence: the ground from which rises every possible way in understanding and being “humanus”. It is indispensable to promote dialogue between existentialist and ontological dimensions according to the human existing. That is especially necessary insofar we need to rethink what are the origins of the Italian “Umanesimo”, opposed to each other form of metaphysical “umanismo”. Outlining the distinction between these two terms, the definition of human being takes an essential pregnancy in order to its own existentialist qualifies, always founded on the ontological instance of Being. Comparison between Sartre and Heidegger configure an interesting place for the delineation of this original instance of research.

Keywords: Heidegger, Sartre, umanesimo, esistenza, Dio.