Essence in Kripke and Aristotle: Essence as Classification or Essence as Explanation?

Christopher Martin

 

Summary: 1. Introduction. 2. Categorizations. 3. Approaching the essence. 4. An Aristotelian-Kripkean notion of essence.

Abstract: The classificatory Kripkean notion of essence is narrowed down until it matches an explanatory Aristotelian notion of essence. The difference between classificatory and explanatory notions of essence is clarified, and each step of the narrowing process is justified on grounds related to the philosophy of science. 

Keywords: Kripke, Aristotle, essence, explanation, classification.