Dentro e oltre le illusioni del capitalismo tecno-nichilista. Per un diverso immaginario della libertà.

Mauro Magatti - Monica Martinelli

Sommario: 1. Il punto di partenza. 2. Logiche e forme del capitalismo tecno-nichilista. 2.1. Ascesa ed espansione. 2.2. Frammentazione e implosione. 3. L’irrompere delle crisi: solo frattura nel cronos o anche momento di kayrós? 4. La libertà dei liberi. 5. Riammettere la realtà. 5.1. La realtà come ambiente ospitale. Libertà come cura. 5.2. La realtà come forma. Libertà come assunzione del limite. 5.3. La realtà come interpellazione. Libertà e senso. 6. La libertà generativa.

Abstract: In the last decades of the twentieth century, a powerful restructuring of capitalism - particularly marked by the set up of a new accumulation phase - has progressively occured. In this respect, the most crucial elements are represented by a typology of power system based on flexibility and mobility, by the accentuation of technical dimensions - which allow the efficient management of diverse flows -, and by the nihilistic vision - according to which all meanings are malleable. Thereby, the “techno-nihilist capitalist” has arisen as a new form of social life organisation. On the one hand, it has taken form of a collective imaginary able to support the logic underlying the social world structuring, and on the other, it has claimed the identification of freedom with the will of power self-determination based on a highly reductive anthropological idea. However, this system has soon reached a bottleneck, particularly stressed by the crisis eruption. In fact, the latter, by having severely affected the world economy, has somehow required to rethink this system logic and its underpinning schemes. Finding the exit from the current crisis will need time, and, not irrelevantly, a certain amount of institutional innovation. Anyhow, the solution will be hardly found without referring to a new kind of spirit, namely to a new social imaginary of freedom.

Keywords: capitalism, political philosophy, sociology, social imaginary of freedom, social life.