Antropologia e metafisica in Edmund Husserl ed Edith Stein

Angela Ales Bello

Sommario: 1. L’antropologia filosofico-fenomenologica di Husserl. 2. Il metodo fenomenologico e l'analisi della persona umana in Edith Stein. 3. Husserl e i “problemi ultimi e sommi”. 4. Edith Stein e le questioni metafisiche.

Abstract: My aim in this paper is to deal with E. Husserl’s and E. Stein’s analyses on the anthropological and metaphysical questions. To perform this task it is necessary to explain the meaning of the phenomenological method, first of all in Husserl and then in E. Stein, underscoring the novelty of their approach to the knowledge of human being, world and God. The essay is divided in four parts; two are dedicated to Husserl’s and Stein’s investigation on the human being and two to their development of metaphysical themes. Regarding the first topic we discover a significant connection between the two thinkers, regarding the second one we notice that it is possible to find a metaphysical approach to reality even in Husserl and an original development of the theme in Stein’s analysis linked up with the medieval philosophy and theology.

Keywords: phenomenological method, gnoseology, anthropology, metaphysical investigation of human being, metaphysical approach to God.