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Norma moral y cambio social: la aproximación de los filósofos

Ana Marta González

Sumario: 1. Introducción: Filosofía moral y cambio social. 2. Norma moral y cambio social en Tomás de Aquino. 2.1. Si la ley natural puede cambiar, 2.2. La especificidad moral del orden social. 3. La naturaleza del orden social según Hume. 3.1. Elementos pre-morales del orden social: pasiones e inteligencia estratégica, 3.2. Interés ilustrado y orden social cooperativo, 3.3. La importancia de la conversación social. 4. Norma moral y vida social en Kant. 4.1. Tres perspectivas sobre la vida social, 4.2. El destino moral: entre la intención de la Naturaleza y la agencia moral, 4.3. El imperativo moral como imperativo histórico. 5. Recapitulación: moral, forma social e historia. 5.1. Norma moral y forma social, 5. 2. Moral e historia.

Abstract: The purpose of this article is to analyze the way in which three moral philosophers - Aquinas, Hume, Kant - have approached the relationship between moral norm and social change. To this aim, I take as a point of reference the institutionalization of the moral norm in the traditional division of duties; this approach reveals itself as a promising path, to explore the way in which modern social theory has recognized the effect of social change on the strength with which the moral bond presents itself in consciences.

Keywords: natural law, social order, morality and history.