Humanoid robots, and the culture and history of the Japanese people

Atsuo Takanishi

Summary: 1. Introduction. 1.1. The current situation. 1.2. The development of robots in Japan. 2. The background to the advent of knowledge and manufacturing technology in the nation of Japan. 2.1. Japan was historically a peaceful nation. 2.2. The development of the karakuri resulting from mechanical technology. 2.3. The emergence of robots in manga and animation. 3. The influence of a unique religious view and historical culture. 3.1. A non-materialist national sensibilità. 3.2. The Japanese, approaching everything with a feeling of gratitude. 3.3. The distinction between organic and inorganic. 3.4. The Japanese use of the brain. 4. Conclusione. 4.1. The diversity seen in humanoid robot development.

Abstract: The author describes three different positions with regard to robotics: the European, American and Japanese. It focuses on the current Japanese and presents an historical overview, from early automata from the XVI-XVII century to the present day. The Contemporary Japanese scientists are focusing on the production of humanoid robots. According to the author, the creation of anthropomorphic robots helps to question deeply and effectively about the nature of human beings.

Keywords: humanoid robotics, technology, roboethics, Japanese technolog